The importance of feed disinfection
Feed disinfection is a key part of the health, biosecurity or biosafety of an industrial poultry farm. Although feed is one of the main inputs of contaminants to a production complex, many producers are unaware of the high risk of feed transmission, especially in times of severe disease outbreaks. However, many viral pathogens survive for hours and bacterial, fungal, and parasitic agents survive for days and weeks in the unloaded feed consignment inside the barn, causing disease in the bird after entering the production hall.
Also, contamination of the product of livestock, poultry and aquaculture factories with bacteria and parasites that may enter the production line due to various factors, will damage the marketability of the product.
Therefore, food disinfection plays an important role in preventing diseases and their enormous harms.
How do feed disinfectants work?
Formaldehyde is the smallest member of the aldehyde family with the compound CH2O, which is formed due to incomplete combustion of organic compounds gas and is normally a gas with a pungent odor. The solution of this molecule in water is called formalin, which is used as a disinfectant.
Formaldehyde has the ability to disrupt the structure of proteins, genomic content, cell wall and spores of bacteria and fungi. This ability has made formaldehyde an effective disinfectant against microbial contaminants such as Salmonella, viruses, mold-producing molds and parasites.
Organic acids, or acidifiers, act on microbes by acidifying the environment. Hydrogen ions penetrate into the cell of pathogens and pass through the capsule wall of bacteria, disrupting their protein structures and disrupting their function. Accumulation of hydrogen ions in bacteria such as Salmonella and Escherichia coli also causes more energy to be excreted, which prevents the cell from replicating and damaging activity.
- Plant extracts and essential oils
Plant extracts and essential oils are actually part of the plant’s natural defense system against microbial agents and pests. Terpenes are one of the main components of plant extracts and essential oils. This issue has long been of interest to humans. So one of the ways to reduce corruption and increase the ability to store nutrients has been to add spices to them. These plant derivatives also create a pleasant aroma and stimulate food consumption.
Which disinfectant is suitable?
Feed disinfectants should be cost-effective, economical, affordable, effective against a variety of pathogens with minimal side effects and easy to use. Also, the disinfectant must be a combination of multi-disinfectant with different mechanisms of action in order to have an effective and comprehensive performance. For this purpose, a combination of formaldehyde, organic acids and extracts of some plants have been collected in the e-clean product of Fartak Company.
For more information and to order this unique product, you can contact our sales experts.
Prepared in the research and development department of Sepehrmakian Fartak Company